Creative Saplings 2023-01-26T07:09:28+00:00 Dr. Shaleen Singh Open Journal Systems <p>Since 2008, Creative Saplings (CS) has been an International Peer Reviewed (<em>refereed</em>), open access, a monthly journal of English language and Literature from India. Creative Saplings has an expert editorial board and reviewers to analyze and select literary writings from the English language, literature, criticism and translation studies. CS publishes unpublished, the most original and scholarly research papers of scholars, and academicians worldwide.</p> Lucknow: Literature and Culture 2023-01-25T20:28:18+00:00 Syed Ali Hamid <p>To place Lucknow in today's context, I have attempted to analyse the city's literature and culture in this paper. The paper is divided into three sections: the first gives a brief history of Lucknow up to the end of the nawabi era, focusing on events relevant to this paper; the second discusses music, drama, and poetry, especially the Lucknow School of Urdu poetry,<em> masnavi</em>, and <em>marsia</em>; and the third examines Lucknow's culture from a modern perspective. In his well-known work Guzishta Lakhnau (Purana Lakhnau in Hindi), Abdul Halim Sharar dates the beginning of Lucknow to the period when Lord Ram returned from his <em>banvas</em> (exile in the forest) and assumed the throne of Ayodhya. He granted his brother Lakshman this land as a jagir (estate), and Lakshman erected his home on a rise next to the river that had a deep tunnel that was rumoured to go to <em>Sheshnag</em> (located on the track of Amarnath cave in Kashmir). Around this raised area, a tiny settlement called Lakshman Teela—the word "teela" refers to an elevated area—was established. The unique culture of Lucknow, its secularism, refined manners, etiquette and extreme politeness in conversation lingers on albeit in a diluted form, and it is easy to recognize a person from Lucknow by the way he/she speaks, the use of a blend of Hindi, Urdu and the local dialect Awadhi, often called Hindustani language, the use of ‘aap’ even when addressing children, and the plural ‘hum’ in place of the singular ‘mai’.</p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Life of Women Adversely Affected by Communal Frenzy in Felanee by Arupa Pathangia Kalita 2023-01-25T20:32:23+00:00 Munish Kumar Thakur <p>The adverse consequences of war and violence are always more on women and children. Men are always the active participants in violence, and women are invariably observed as the passive receiver of the same. Women have to face the harmful effects of war and violence in the form of lost husbands and loss of self-respect. This paper explores the life and struggle of a single woman who lost her husband during the ethnic conflicts. Arupa Patangia Kalita is a famous Assamese novelist who lives in Darrang, Assam. Her novel Felanee was originally written in Assamese in 2003 and translated by Deepika Pukan in 2011. The story of Felanee reveals the awful experiences of a woman, Felanee in the midst of ethnic riots and frenzy atmosphere in Assam. The events mentioned in the novel relate to the real lives of the people living there. Through her protagonist, the writer describes some of the adverse experiences of people during ethnic conflicts, especially the women living in such places. At the time of Felanee’s birth, she was thrown into damp to die but somehow, she survives and starts her battle against all odds. The paper reveals how women sustain their families, especially children, while facing many troubles due to ethnic violence and bloodshed. It also explores how they are marginalized in society and how they support each other in difficult times. Felanee has to face all the brutal consequences of the communal frenzy. She lost almost everything she had, including her loving husband. She was once a queen, but after the riots, she was forced to live like a laborer.</p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Traces of Phallocentrism, Trauma and Holocaust Imagery in What the Body Remembers and Ice Candy Man 2023-01-25T20:35:37+00:00 Aisha Haleem <p>Apart from wars, the Partition of India and Pakistan was one of the most horrific events in human history. Massacres, rapes, and sexual torture were used to promote racial hate, and women suffered a great deal more than males. Many people lost their lives, their homes, and even their identities. Therefore, this essay explores how the horrific Partition era affected the lives of women by turning them into silent victims of phallocentric or male supremacy through the Partition novels from which Shauna Singh Baldwin's <em>What the Body Remembers</em> and Bapsi Sidhwa's <em>Ice Candy Man</em> have been taken. Women were kidnapped, raped, forced into prostitution, and died during Partition. In the Rawalpindi area, where Muslim mobs preyed on women, systematic violence against women first appeared in March 1947. Before further attacks, many Sikh women committed suicide by jumping into water wells to save honour and avoid conversion. Due to phallocentric society's rules, the time of Partition was a traumatic experience for women on physical, emotional, political, social, and sexual levels. These female writers wrote about these experiences through a female perspective, which demonstrated resistance and retaliation against phallocentrism or the male point of view. Because of this, the present dissertation will add new aspects to the established canon of women, trauma, and phallocentrism.</p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Prejudicial Treatment in Asif Currimbhoy's Goa 2023-01-25T20:40:20+00:00 T. Eswar Rao <p>Inequalities are ubiquitous throughout the world and have been a defining aspect of society since prehistoric times. They typically get smaller as civilization develops, but they still exist. They have to do with the unfair distribution of certain highly valued characteristics, such as earnings, wealth, standing, expertise, and power among various units, including people, dwellings, social classes, religious congregations, organizations, castes, regions, and nations. An analysis of disparities' primary objective is to identify the factors that influence how the writer is distributed among relevant units and to explain their causes and effects. An Indian writer who writes in English, Asif Currimbhoy, was familiar with experimental American theatre. He wrote plays with modern themes. He addressed issues of race, class, and gender. Post-colonialism is made up of these three components. His dramas thus draw their themes from the currents of modern politics and existence. He has been referred to as a karma yogi and India's first theatre attention voice. For him, the 1965 drama "Goa," which had its world premiere at Michigan State University, is very special. The Indian invasions of Goa in December 1961 are the subject of the drama.</p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Social Consciousness Towards Kinners in Sanjay Johari's Play Kinner Maa 2023-01-25T20:44:58+00:00 Indu Bharti <p>Sanjay Johari is the newly sprouting figure in the field of Indian English literature. He is the spokesman for his country's doubts, emerging issues and deteriorating condition of the people. In his first play, <em>Kinner Maa,</em> he tries to awaken social consciousness towards kinners who live a life of aloofness in the contemporary world. Generally, people think that kinners are uncounted persons of the society where nobody shows one's sympathy for them. The leading cause of this belief is that they are counted as neither male nor female, but it does not mean, they are not a part of society. They have the same passion and humanistic feelings as others have. We have no right to think they are invaluable persons in society. The humane outlook of Sanjay Johari makes the reader realize how to show sympathetic behavior towards them. Though the problem of gender discrimination is rapidly taking a step in the contemporary world. So many writers also express newly emerging problems like gender issues LGBT, homosexuality, transgender marginalization their works. Shobha de, Mahesh Dattani, Arundhati Roy etc. wrote many plays on these problems. Sanjay Johari has also tried to draw a picture on his Canvas of writing, and he has given different shades of people on it. Thus, Sanjay Johari tries to evoke human consciousness for such a community through this play. His only purpose is to highlight the realistic picture of the society in which people have automatically divided themselves into different categories. In fact, they are living in the 'Superiority Complex' where there is no place for such a miserable community. The truth is that the people of contemporary society are living in illusion, and perhaps they feel happy, and they are indifferent towards the subalterns and marginalized people.</p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Literary Legend Speaks Interview of Meena Mishra with P.V. Laxmiprasad 2023-01-26T07:09:28+00:00 Dr. P. V. Laxmiprasad <p><strong>Literary Legend Speaks</strong></p> <p><strong>Interview of Meena Mishra with P.V. Laxmiprasad</strong></p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Let's Hail 2023 2023-01-25T21:16:49+00:00 Prof. S. V. Singh <p>Let's Hail 2023&nbsp;</p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Three Poems by R. P. Singh 2023-01-25T21:20:07+00:00 Prof. R. P. Singh <p>Three Poems by R. P. Singh</p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023