Creative Saplings <p>Creative Saplings (CS) is an International Peer Reviewed (<em>refereed</em>), open access, monthly journal of English language and Literature from India. Creative Saplings has an expert editorial board and reviewers to analyze and select literary writings from the English language, literature, criticism and translation studies. CS publishes unpublished, most original, and scholarly research papers of scholars, and academicians worldwide.</p> en-US (Dr. Shaleen Kumar Singh) (Avneesh Chauhan) Fri, 02 Sep 2022 11:09:35 +0000 OJS 60 Social Realism in Meena Kandasamy’s Novel The Gypsy Goddess <p>Social realism, as derived from the Marxist ideology, is something which adheres to reality, avoids romantic embellishments, and creates truthful portraits of life that expose human flaws. In it, we find characters with genuine jobs and problems. It records the life of an average farmer or labourer. The novel the Gypsy Goddess by Meena Kandasamy is an indictment of Communism and atrocities inflicted upon untouchable coolies and paddy workers. Mena Kandasamy presents the fictionalized version of the tragedy, portrayed on the documents taken from history and interviews of people who faced that actual incident. The landlords murder a communist leader. After that, the Dalit labourers go on strike, Dalit workers are forced to work back on farms, and those who refuse are assaulted and punished by the police. The democratic demand for justice by the untouchables farmers of Kilenmani, Tamil Nadu, are faced with a terrible series of actions which prove ‘might is right’, and the poor, helpless farmers are only left to suffer and die due to hostile conditions. The novel is a fine narrative of their plight and the traumatic conditions caused by the violence inflicted upon them.&nbsp;&nbsp; In brief, it is a fictionalized work on social realism. The present paper is a brief study of events that occur in the lives of Dalit, unprivileged paddy workers and their exploitation by so-called Upper Caste or Landlords and their realistic representation.</p> Dr Ravindra D. Hajare Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Existential Crisis in Hardy’s “Tess’s Lament”: Text, Context, and Psychological Praxis <p>Thomas Hardy is the last of the great Victorian novelists. He is known as one of the best English novelists. He is more well-known for his novels than for his poems. Tess of d’Urbervilles: A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented is one of those hallmarking and time-beating novels, he has written. The unique thing annexed to this novel is that he has composed a non-narrative poem expressing Tess’ deep pain and pang over her loss entitled “Tess’s Lament”, which seems to be it's supplementary. It appears that its miniature presents the whole through the part. Existential crisis, usually considered a complicated event, can be seen as the core of psychology, which comprises emotional, cognitive, and behavioural parts. Both in the poem "Tess's Lament" and in Tess's own life, the psychological practice of existential crises plays a key role. Whatever she does, she feels sad, alone, and helpless. It also makes her feel like her life has no meaning or purpose, and it keeps her from interacting with other people, which upsets the emotional, mental, and behavioural parts of her existence and being.</p> Dr Dharmendra Kumar Singh Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Physical and Spiritual Shades of Love in Taslima Nasreen’s Love Poems <p>Taslima Nasreen is a Bangladeshi author whose name is always in the news. Sometimes it's because she said something bold and honest about fanaticism, and other times it's because she gave a voice to oppressed people who had never dared to say what they felt inside. Today, the world is moving forward in the area of technology. Art and writing are getting better and better as time goes on. Still, it's sad to say that there is a corner where everything is dark, even though it looks like everything is fine from the outside. The author who has the courage to bring this darkness out into the open is Taslima Nasreen, who is not afraid of the oppressive powers. The poet in Taslima Nasreen can't ignore how important it is to touch the body, which also needs to rest and feel safe. Love is the medicine that makes the body feel better. The kiss is a way to show love. When the poet has done everything from early morning until late in the evening, he or she is too tired. Love is what she needs. She is used to getting two kisses on the lips from her lover. She can't get enough of love being shown through a kiss on her lips. She can't picture being able to sleep or rest without a kiss from her lover.</p> Dakshta Arora Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Representation of Feminism in South Asian Society: A Critical Study of An American Brat by Bapsi Sidhwa <p><em>An American Brat</em> by Bapsi Sidhwa is a postcolonial and feminist novel. Feroza, the heroine of the novel, is a teenage Parsee girl from Lahore. The novel <em>An American Brat</em> is focused on the character of Feroza because she was sent to America to her uncle. There, her behaviour changed. The whole story revolved around this single character. The parents of Feroza are very modern, while Feroza is a religious and conservative girl when we are introduced to her character. She is never attracted to the young men because she is regarded as backward and narrow-minded. She is an innocent individual and loves to stay alone. Firstly, she was not ready to go to America, but her family made her go there forcefully. The modern world of&nbsp;America&nbsp;proved awful for the sixteen years old Feroza. Therefore the consequences were as appalling as expected. This is why the feminist approach can be traced in the novel's text either from her mother or from herself. Feminism as the dominant approach is waved throughout the novel in one way or the other. This research is conducted to draw out all feminist traces from the text.</p> Hamza Hassan & Muhammad Rizwan Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 “If you’re white, you’re right”: Bone of Contention between the Black and the White as Reflected in Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man and Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird <p>Racial discrimination can entail overt, direct antagonism from the white community to those who belong to unrepresented racial groups. Discrimination can also be subtly planned out and sneaky. Racism in its subtlest manifestations is evasive and confusing. Many countries, especially Europe and North America, have intense institutionalized racism. Ralph Ellison's popular book Invisible Man, which won the Pulitzer Prize, captures the attitudes of many white Americans against racial rights (1952). The 1952 book <em>Invisible Man</em> describes how the so-called white American culture deliberately and cunningly continues to ignore black people. More so than their Native American identification, it is because of their socioeconomic or cultural differences. We'll talk about the second book from the perspective of cultural racism. Harper Lee also examines the unreasonable attitude toward race and class in her groundbreaking book <em>To Kill a Mockingbird</em> (1960). The incidents in this book have implications for the author's life.</p> Dr. Pradip Mondal Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000