Resounding Resistance: A Critical Assessment of Women’s Contributions in Shaping the Literary Cosmos


  • Reshu Shukla Department of English S.B.D. (PG) College, Dhampur, Bijnore, UP, India



Womanhood, Equality, Empowerment, Feminism, Individuality, Patriarchy, Identity Crisis, Culture, Sensibility, Stereotypes.


Women, the glorious creation of God, have contributed magnificently to the growth of human civilization performing distinctive roles as well as holding influential positions miraculously throughout the history of humanity. India's illustrious past passionately and proudly tells the inspirational stories of strong, independent women who glorified our society and culture with their forceful presence. If we look at the contributions that they have made throughout the history of human civilization, we can see that they have contributed in a variety of ways to the formation of society as a whole. They personify "Shakti," the living manifestation of divine force. Undoubtedly, the universe endows women with innate resilience, as they have demonstrated for decades. They have fought their battles by first recognizing and then publicly embracing their self-worth. Their achievements can be acknowledged as philosophers, global leaders, businesspeople, poets, playwrights, authors, artists, journalists, painters, musicians, and other creative types. Though women have contributed multifariously to society at large, this essay will focus on the contributions made by women to Indian English literature. This study places a significant emphasis on the contributions made by women to Indian English literature throughout the course of its magnificent history, which spans from before the country's independence to the present day. In addition, the paper will analyse a number of different Indian authors in order to get a deeper comprehension of women’s writings and the role they have in the world of literature. This paper will comprehensively study the incredible contribution of writers such as Kamala Das, Shashi Deshpande, Bharti Mukherjee, Kamla Markandaya, Nayantara Sahgal, Arundhati Roy, Shobha De, Anita Desai, Manju Kapur, and Kiran Desai, who have paved the way for future generations of Indian women writers to express themselves. They are the progenitors of resistance, consciousness, and individualism.


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How to Cite

Reshu Shukla , translator. “Resounding Resistance: A Critical Assessment of Women’s Contributions in Shaping the Literary Cosmos”. Creative Saplings, vol. 2, no. 08, Aug. 2023, pp. 37-52,

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