Traces of Standpoint Theory in Select Poems of Kishwar Naheed
Keywords:Standpoint feminism, chauvinist, subjugation, phallocentric, retaliation.
The fact is that South Asian nations have a history of keeping women from speaking up in public, but literature in the area does quite the opposite by serving as a voice for feminism. Kishwar Naheed, through the power of her pen, has contributed a lot to raising issues related to female subjugation and deprivation. The knowledge that results from situations and experiences that girls and women share is highlighted by the feminist Standpoint theory. The idea that our work—the activity in which we participate—shapes what we know and how we behave is central to Marxist theory, where this emphasis on experiences comes from. This study aims to identify the feminist underpinnings of a few poems by Pakistani-Urdu poet Kishwar Naheed. Her work is grounded in the experience of the subcontinent as a whole, allowing for a better understanding of the development of resistance against chauvinist revivals that impose their idea of a "submissive good woman" on subcontinental women. Her "transgression" poetry rejects the limitations imposed by a false, chauvinist spirituality and tries to sketch out the contours of the oppressed yet rebellious feminine personality.
Akhtar, Sascha Aurora. “KishwarNaheed.” Poetry International Archive, 21 Nov. 2013, https://www.poetryinternational.org/pi/poet/23747/Kishwar-Naheed. Accessed 11 Apr. 2022.
Aneja, Anu. Feminist Theory and the Aesthetics within a perspective from South Asia. Taylor & Francis, 2022, p. 161-169.
Awad, Samah Mohamed Ibrahim. “Kishwar Naheed and Religious Nationalism In Pakistan.” Hermes Journal, vol. 8, no. 4, Oct. 2019, p. 109.
Begum, Sultan Jahan. “‘We Sinful Women’: Transgressive Temporality and Poetic Form.” Literature and Transgression, 17 Apr. 2014,https://transgresslit.wordpress.com/2014/04/17/hum-guneghaar-auratein-transgressing-temporality-and-poetic-form/.Accessed 18 Apr. 2022.
Bowell, T. “Feminist Standpoint Theory.” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, https://iep.utm.edu/fem-stan/. Accessed 14 Apr. 2022.
“Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 9 Aug. 2000, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/feminism-epistemology/. Accessed 13 Apr. 2022.
Hashmi, Arshad Mahsood. “The Impure Woman (Marginality and Detachment in the Poetry of KishwarNaheed).” Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary studies, vol. 2, no. 3, Mar. 2014, p. 10. Academia,https://www.academia.edu/4911909/The_Impure_Woman_marginality_and_detachment_in_the_poetry_of_Kishwar_Naheed_. Accessed 13 Apr. 2022.
Junaidi, Ikram. “KishwarNaheed Nominated for the Kamal-i-fum Award.” Dawn, 14 Dec. 2016, https://www.dawn.com/news/1302194. Accessed 12 Apr. 2022.
Kamran, Roshana. “Eliciting The Theme of Radical Feminism in the Work of KishwarNaheed (Analysis of radical feminism in Pakistan through the poetic works of KishwarNaheed – a well-known Pakistani poet)”, University of Wah Journal of Social Sciences, vol. 3, no. 1, June 2020, pp. 23-29.
K., Rukhaya M. “Poetry Analysis: KishwarNaheed’s I Am Not That Woman.” Rukhaya M. K. A Literary Companion, 5 Feb. 2015, https://rukhaya.com/poetry-analysis-kishwar-naheeds-i-am-not-that-woman/. Accessed 17 Apr. 2022.
Khalid, Maniza. “Breaking Barriers: KishwarNaheed on the fierce Woman.” Rekhta Blog, 31 Oct. 2019, https://blog.rekhta.org/breaking-barriers-kishwar-naheed-on-the-fierce-woman/?_ga=2.59967593.518788957.1649491773-814136355.1639482431. Accessed Apr. 2022.
Khalique, Harris. “An Interview with Feminist Poet KishwarNaheed.” Herald Magazine, 8 Mar. 2017, https://herald.dawn.com/news/1153170. Accessed 11 Apr. 2022.
“KishwarNaheed – Profile & Biography.” Rekhta, https://www.rekhta.org/poets/kishwar-naheed/profile?gclid=CjwKCAjw9LSSBhBsEiwAKtf0n8ah3FsgryYfndknrEYV2EaCQjPSe7EkIB9aN4MLtiqTM4DWSpn8kRoCll4QAvD_BwE. Accessed 11 Apr. 2022.
“KishwarNaheed.” PTC, https://www.poetrytranslation.org/poets/kishwar-naheed. Accessed 11 Apr. 2022.
“KishwarNaheed, 1940.” The South Asian Literary Projects, 11 Jan. 2016, https://www.loc.gov/acq/ovop/delhi/salrp/kishwarnaheed.html. Accessed 12 Apr. 2022.
Mahmoudibaha, Zeinab, and Mahdi Baghfalaki. “Patriarchy and Female Objectification In The Poetry of ForoughFarrokhzad and KishwarNaheed.” New Academia, vol. 3, no. 1, Jan. 2014, p. 8. Academia, https://www.academia.edu/10878043/PATRIARCHY_AND_FEMALE_OBJECTIFICATION_DEPICTED_IN_THE_POETRY_OF_FOROUGH_FARROKHZAD_AND_KISHWAR_NAHEED?auto=download. PDF download.
Mendoza, Hannah. “‘I Am Not That Woman’ by KishwarNaheed.” Study Moose, 29 Mar. 2016, https://studymoose.com/i-am-not-that-woman-by-kishwar-naheed-essay. Accessed 22 Apr. 2022.
Mill, John Stuart. The Subjugation of Women. Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1869, p. 53. Archive, https://archive.org/details/subjectionofwome00millrich/page/53/mode/1up. Accessed 18 Apr. 2022.
Naeem, Raza. “The Poetess of ‘No’: 50 Years of KishwarNaheed’s ‘Lab-e-Goya’.” The Wire, 26 June 2019, https://thewire.in/books/the-poetess-of-no-50-years-of-kishwar-naheeds-lab-e-goya. Accessed 20 Apr 2022.
Naheed, Kishwar. “I Am Not That Woman.” Translated by Mahmood Jamal. Distance of A Shout, edited by Asif Farrukhi, Oxford UP, 2001, pp. 34-36, Rekhta, https://www.rekhta.org/ebooks/the-distance-of-a-shout-kishwar-naheed-ebooks. Accessed 21 Apr. 2022.
___________. “Talking To Myself.” We Sinful Women: Contemporary Urdu Feminist Poetry. Edited and translated by Rukhsana Ahmad, The Women's P, 1991, pp. 55-57.
___________. “The Grass Is Really Like Me.” We Sinful Women: Contemporary Urdu Feminist Poetry. Edited and translated by Rukhsana Ahmad, The Women's P, 1991, p. 41.
___________. “We Sinful Women.” We Sinful Women: Contemporary Urdu Feminist Poetry. Edited and translated by Rukhsana Ahmad, The Women's P, 1991, pp. 31-33.
___________. “ Who Am I.” We Sinful Women: Contemporary Urdu Feminist Poetry. Edited and translated by Rukhsana Ahmad, The Women's P, 1991, pp. 43-45.
Nandhini, V. “Gender Inequality In KishwarNaheed’s ‘I Am Not That Woman.’” International Journal of English Language, Literature and Humanities, vol. 4, no. 11, Nov. 2016, pp. 218-219. IJELLH, https://ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/1729. PDF download.
Nashikkar, Rutwa. “Drawing Parallel of Oppression Through The Lens of Ecofeminism in Women’s Poetry, Ecofeminist Movements and The Way Out by Eradicating Dualism.” Maharaja Sayajirao University Research Paper and Project, 2021, Academia, https://www.academia.edu/72350072/Drawing_parallels_of_oppression_through_the_lens_of_ecofeminism_in_women_s_poetry_ecofeminist_movements_and_the_way_out_by_eradicating_dualism. Accessed 18 Apr. 2022.
“Pakistan: We Sinful Women.” Sabrang, 1 Sept. 2007, https://sabrangindia.in/article/pakistan-we-sinful-women. Accessed 15 Apr. 2022.
S., Arunakumari. “Gender Identity In KishwarNaheed and KamlaWijeratne’s Selected Poems.” International Journal of Development Research, vol. 11, no. 4, Apr. 2021, p. 46087. IJDR, https://www.journalijdr.com/gender-identity-kishwar-naheed%E2%80%99s-and-kamala-wijeratne%E2%80%99s-selected-poems. Accessed 13 Apr. 2022.
Shoaib, Mahwash. “Vocabulary of Resistance: A ConversationWith KishwarNaheed.” Pakistaniaat: A Journal of Pakistan Studies, vol. 1, no. 2, autumn 2009, p. 172. pakistaniaat,http://pakistaniaat.org/index.php/pak/article/view/37. Accessed 12 Apr. 2022.
Silva, Neluka. “Shameless Women: Repression and Resistance in We Sinful Women: Contemporary Urdu Feminist Poetry.” Meridians, vol. 3, no. 2, 2003, p. 30.JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/40338571. Accessed 13 Apr. 2022.
Smith, Dorothy E. The Everyday World As Problematic : A Feminist Sociology. Northeast UP Boston, 1987, pp. 78-79.
“The Grass is Really Like Me.” Marlovian, 9 Dec. 2019, https://mnorth52.wordpress.com/2019/12/09/the-grass-is-really-like-me/. Accessed 18 Apr. 2022.
Unni, P. Gopika. “A Rebel on Patriarchy: Women Subjugation in KishwarNaheed’s ‘IAm Not That Woman.’” Shanlax International Journal of English, vol. 8, no. 2, 1 Mar. 2020, p. 16. Shanlax Journal,https://doi.org/10.34293/english.v8i2.1813. PDF download.
V., Rajani C. “Striving for Raising from Oppression: Mashrooms and The Grass is Really Like Me.” Quest Journals, Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 9, no. 8, 2021, p. 69.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.